This technical report on water scarcity and drought management in the Mediterranean and the Water Framework Directive was prepared by the Mediterranean Water Scarcity and Drought (WS&D) Working Group in the framework of the MED-EU Water Initiative / Water Framework Directive (WFD) Joint Process.
The main objective of this report is to present the Mediterranean specificities regarding water scarcity situations and droughts events and the role of the WFD. Examples of strategies and measures taken in the Mediterranean region for addressing WS&D illustrate the different sections of the reports:
Drought planning and management in Spain. Page 59
Drainage water reuse as a mean of fighting water scarcity, Egypt. Page 66
Water allocation during drought, France. Page 68
Drought mitigation measures, Palestine. Page 69
Strategy of soil and water conservation, Tunisia. Page 70
Isarel/Palestine, Tul Karem / Emek Hefer. Page 72
In addition, the specificities of the WFD implementation related to WS&D are identified for non-EU countries.
The document consists of five parts. The introduction presents the situation of water scarcity and drought in the Mediterranean region and the linkages between the WFD and Water scarcity. In chapter I, the definitions and assessments of the different phenomena are described. Chapter II reports on planning and management of drought events. Chapter III deals with long-term imbalances in supply and demand. The conclusions and recommendations are presented in Chapter IV.
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